Sir Earle Page..Leader of the Country Party, junior member in the Lyons-Page Coalition Government. Appointed by the Governor-General as interim Prime Minister on Lyons' death, until United Australia elected a leader; refused to serve under Robert Menzies; overthrown as Country Party leader.

Sir Earle Page..Leader of the Country Party, junior member in the Lyons-Page Coalition Government. Appointed by the Governor-General as interim Prime Minister on Lyons' death, until United Australia elected a leader; refused to serve under Robert Menzies; overthrown as Country Party leader.

Malcolm Turnbull has replaced Tony Abbott as PM of Australia, September, 2015. The 29th Prime Minister of Australia.

Malcolm Turnbull has replaced Tony Abbott as PM of Australia, September, 2015. The 29th Prime Minister of Australia.

.ir John "Black Jack" McEwen was an Australian politician and the 18th Prime Minister of Australia. He is the last member of the Country Party to serve as prime minister.Leader of the Country Party, junior member in the Menzies-Holt Coalition Government. Appointed by the Governor-General on Holt's disappearance, as interim Prime Minister until the Liberals elected a leader; refused to serve under the obvious candidate William McMahon. John Gorton selected instead.

.ir John "Black Jack" McEwen was an Australian politician and the 18th Prime Minister of Australia. He is the last member of the Country Party to serve as prime minister.Leader of the Country Party, junior member in the Menzies-Holt Coalition Government. Appointed by the Governor-General on Holt's disappearance, as interim Prime Minister until the Liberals elected a leader; refused to serve under the obvious candidate William McMahon. John Gorton selected instead.

Billy Hughes..Advocated conscription during World War I, on which he lost a plebiscite; expelled from the Labor Party. His new National Labor Party entered into an alliance with the Commonwealth Liberal Party, later merging fully as the Nationalist Party, elected 1917 and 1919. Introduced Preferential voting. Lost a second plebiscite on conscription; resigned as PM, but immediately re-commissioned.

Billy Hughes..Advocated conscription during World War I, on which he lost a plebiscite; expelled from the Labor Party. His new National Labor Party entered into an alliance with the Commonwealth Liberal Party, later merging fully as the Nationalist Party, elected 1917 and 1919. Introduced Preferential voting. Lost a second plebiscite on conscription; resigned as PM, but immediately re-commissioned.

:Stanley Bruce. Viscount Bruce..Elected 1925, 1928. Supported the British Empire, the League of Nations, and the White Australia Policy; Maritime Industries crisis. Defeated (and lost his own seat) 1929.

:Stanley Bruce. Viscount Bruce..Elected 1925, 1928. Supported the British Empire, the League of Nations, and the White Australia Policy; Maritime Industries crisis. Defeated (and lost his own seat) 1929.

Robert Menzies...Cold War: ANZUS Treaty formalised US Alliance, referendum to ban the Communist Party during the Korean War, Malayan Emergency, Vietnam War, conscription. Voting rights extended to all indigenous Australians. Abolition of White Australia Policy's "Dictation Test", expanded immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe, Colombo Plan for development in Asia, trade with Japan, SEATO Defence Treaty. booming wool trade. Introduction of television.  development of Canberra.

Robert Menzies...Cold War: ANZUS Treaty formalised US Alliance, referendum to ban the Communist Party during the Korean War, Malayan Emergency, Vietnam War, conscription. Voting rights extended to all indigenous Australians. Abolition of White Australia Policy's "Dictation Test", expanded immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe, Colombo Plan for development in Asia, trade with Japan, SEATO Defence Treaty. booming wool trade. Introduction of television. development of Canberra.

John Curtin...Appointed by the Governor-General on condition that Independent MPs Coles and Wilson would support him, thereby ending government instability. Re-elected 1943. Led Australia through World War II. Pacific War begins: Fall of Singapore, Kokoda Campaign, Sends H. V. Evatt to represent Australia in discussions for formation of United Nations. †Died in office (heart attack).

John Curtin...Appointed by the Governor-General on condition that Independent MPs Coles and Wilson would support him, thereby ending government instability. Re-elected 1943. Led Australia through World War II. Pacific War begins: Fall of Singapore, Kokoda Campaign, Sends H. V. Evatt to represent Australia in discussions for formation of United Nations. †Died in office (heart attack).

:Harol Holt..Re-elected 1966. Cold War; Expanded Australia's role in Vietnam War. Referendum on inclusion of indigenous Australians in census. Migration Act 1966 opened Australia to multiethnic immigration.†Disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach 17 December 1967; presumed dead 19 December.

:Harol Holt..Re-elected 1966. Cold War; Expanded Australia's role in Vietnam War. Referendum on inclusion of indigenous Australians in census. Migration Act 1966 opened Australia to multiethnic immigration.†Disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach 17 December 1967; presumed dead 19 December.

:Frank Forde....Deputy Party Leader under Curtin. On Curtin's death, served as interim Prime Minister until Labor Party leadership election. Defeated by Ben Chifley in leadership election; reappointed Deputy Party Leader and appointed Minister for Defence.

:Frank Forde....Deputy Party Leader under Curtin. On Curtin's death, served as interim Prime Minister until Labor Party leadership election. Defeated by Ben Chifley in leadership election; reappointed Deputy Party Leader and appointed Minister for Defence.

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