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Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776.    In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

Website reveals secrets of convicts sent to Australia

Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776. In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

The Kelly Gang - L - R - Ned Kelly, Dan Kelly, Steve Hart - below is Joe Byrne

The Kelly Gang - L - R - Ned Kelly, Dan Kelly, Steve Hart - below is Joe Byrne

1788:Map of Sydney Cove and Convict Ships of the First Fleet.

1788:Map of Sydney Cove and Convict Ships of the First Fleet.

The Convict System - between 1788 and 1868, 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

The Convict System - between 1788 and 1868, 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

'The landing of the convicts at Botany Bay', engraving from Watkin Tench's book, A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay (1789). Dixson Library, State Library of New South Wales: http://library.sl.nsw.gov.au/record=b2025551

'The landing of the convicts at Botany Bay', engraving from Watkin Tench's book, A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay (1789). Dixson Library, State Library of New South Wales: http://library.sl.nsw.gov.au/record=b2025551

World Heritage site: Port Arthur - Australian Convict sites.    These places are the best remaining examples of forced transportation and the expansion of a European power through convict labour.

World Heritage site: Port Arthur - Australian Convict sites. These places are the best remaining examples of forced transportation and the expansion of a European power through convict labour.

Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet arriving in Sydney Cove 1788

Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet arriving in Sydney Cove 1788

Reads.."Female convicts made up a substantial part of prisioners deported to the penal colony of New South Wales"..Wild Geese Heritage Museum and Library, Ireland

Reads.."Female convicts made up a substantial part of prisioners deported to the penal colony of New South Wales"..Wild Geese Heritage Museum and Library, Ireland

Here at the very back of Redlands Estate stand the convict quarters. Convicts were assigned to Redlands to build the estate which still stands today. Its easy to get a sense of what life must have been like at Redlands. As you walk the grounds you discover hop and opium pickers huts, and the stables of two Hobart Cup winners. Redlands Estate is in Plenty about a 40 minute drive from Hobart. #convicts #tasmania #discovertasmania

Here at the very back of Redlands Estate stand the convict quarters. Convicts were assigned to Redlands to build the estate which still stands today. Its easy to get a sense of what life must have been like at Redlands. As you walk the grounds you discover hop and opium pickers huts, and the stables of two Hobart Cup winners. Redlands Estate is in Plenty about a 40 minute drive from Hobart. #convicts #tasmania #discovertasmania

‘Captain Moonlite,’ was one of Australia's most colourful bushrangers. His gang terrorised New South Wales communities and held a number of bail ups throughout the 1970's. After James Nesbitt, a fellow gang member was killed at Wantabadgery Station in 1879 Captain Moonlight was apprehended and then hanged in 1880, before being buried at Rookwood. Cemetery in Sydney. His remains were eventually exhumed in 1995 and reinterred at Gundagai next to Nesbitt’s grave as per his final wishes.

‘Captain Moonlite,’ was one of Australia's most colourful bushrangers. His gang terrorised New South Wales communities and held a number of bail ups throughout the 1970's. After James Nesbitt, a fellow gang member was killed at Wantabadgery Station in 1879 Captain Moonlight was apprehended and then hanged in 1880, before being buried at Rookwood. Cemetery in Sydney. His remains were eventually exhumed in 1995 and reinterred at Gundagai next to Nesbitt’s grave as per his final wishes.

Convict Lives: Women at Cascades Female Factory by members of the Female Convicts Research Group (Tasmania)

Convict Lives: Women at Cascades Female Factory by members of the Female Convicts Research Group (Tasmania)

Newcastle c.1818 by convict artist Joseph Lycett(he had been transported to Sydney for 14yrs for forgery)

Newcastle c.1818 by convict artist Joseph Lycett(he had been transported to Sydney for 14yrs for forgery)