This image uses a down-low perspective to give a sense of feeling small. The image also has leading lines being the train tracks that lead off in the distance. Also the background is blurred which draws your attention to the foreground more.
This image combines a few elements such as spacial colour [the use of a black and white image with a coloured subject instantly draws your attention] distance [the path and rails leading into the background] , and leading lines, which give a sense of mystery and wander. What's ahead down the path?
Texture and pattern This image shows a non symmetrical pattern on the subject's surface that makes your eyes follow from one side to the other . It also gives the illusion from the current perspective that part of the pattern isn't 'broken up' (bottom right)
Texture and pattern This image represents contrast and texture well, as there are both warm and cool colours on opposite sides creating heavy contrast. The sharp focus of the bubbles as well as the texture of the orange create the texture.
Shape and abstraction: This image uses negative space perfectly - depending how you interperet it, the negative space can either be the sky because it is less dominant, or the buildings, because they are darker and catch your eye less.