The Melbourne & Hobsons Bay Railway Company opened Australia's first steam railway when public services began on 12 September 1854 on its short 2¼-mile (3.6 km) line connecting Melbourne with a deepwater pier at Sandridge (later Port Melbourne) on Hobsons Bay. Pictured here is the Hobsons Bay steam locomotive with staff.
The steam train arrives in Ballarat! (1862) Australian steam trains can be identified by their strange conical chimneys, called “spark arrestors”, which stop the trains from starting bush fires. Ballarat Historical Society