There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.

The wreck of a First Fleet ship which once carried Governor Phillip has been given National Heritage status.

Example of a Convict Love Token c.1787. Courtesy Powerhouse Museum

Powerhouse Museum - Convict Love Token belonging to Thomas Tilley who arrived on the First Fleet ship Alexander in Find out more about the voyage of the convict ship Alexander at Free Settler or Felon

Drawing of the convict transportation ship "Neptune" that operated between England and Australia in 1789.

THE hell-ship Neptune on which Molly Morgan arrived in Port Jackson in 1790 - nearly half the 502 convicts crammed aboard, died on the journey.

The concict uniform for maximum security prisoners.

The parti-coloured convict uniform, or ‘magpie’, was worn in Australia as a form of secondary punishment by offenders who repeatedly broke the law while serving their original sentence.

Australia's Historic Prison. In the 1850s, convicts sent over from the United Kingdom used limestone blocks sourced from the site itself to erect its walls and buildings. Even at this early stage, this was a place of misery and hardship, as men, far from their homes and families, toiled at the backbreaking work of quarrying and construction.

Inside Fremantle: The Horrors of Australia's Creepy Historic Prison

A convict love token featuring a chained bird ('jailbird') made for Thomas Tilley, 1786-87, before he was transported to Australia. (

Convict love token, First Fleet, copper, New South Wales/Great Britain, - Powerhouse Museum Collection

Two pairs of convict manacles, said to have come from Port Arthur, Tasmania. From the collections of the Dixson Library, State Library of New South Wales:

Two pairs of convict manacles, said to have come from Port Arthur, Tasmania…