Captain Cook's Map of Australia, on which he landed with his crew during their first expedition in 1770. After investigating Tasmania, they were blown onto the lush, east coast of the continent and Cook claimed it New South Wales. In 1786, it would be established as a British penal colony.

Captain Cook's Map of Australia, on which he landed with his crew during their first expedition in 1770. After investigating Tasmania, they were blown onto the lush, east coast of the continent and Cook claimed it New South Wales. In 1786, it would be established as a British penal colony.

The Death of Captain James Cook, 14 February 1779, by Johann Zoffany National Maritime Museum, c.1795. An unfinished painting showing the death of Captain James Cook, at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii at the hands of an incensed crowd, during his third Pacific voyage in the ships 'Resolution' and 'Discovery', 1776–1780. Cook is shown lying on the ground in the centre of the painting, wearing a blue coat and white breeches. Cook was knifed in the shoulder and clubbed on the back of the head.

The Death of Captain James Cook, 14 February 1779, by Johann Zoffany National Maritime Museum, c.1795. An unfinished painting showing the death of Captain James Cook, at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii at the hands of an incensed crowd, during his third Pacific voyage in the ships 'Resolution' and 'Discovery', 1776–1780. Cook is shown lying on the ground in the centre of the painting, wearing a blue coat and white breeches. Cook was knifed in the shoulder and clubbed on the back of the head.

Captain James Cook (1728–1779) formerly claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales, on this day 21st August, 1770

Captain James Cook (1728–1779) formerly claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales, on this day 21st August, 1770

Captain James Cook, Sir Joseph Banks, Lord Sandwich, Dr Daniel Solander and Dr John Hawkesworth. By John Hamilton Mortimer. (Title devised by cataloguer). The people portrayed are, from left to right, Dr Daniel Solander, Sir Joseph Banks, Captain James Cook, Dr John Hawkesworth, and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, 1771

Captain James Cook, Sir Joseph Banks, Lord Sandwich, Dr Daniel Solander and Dr John Hawkesworth. By John Hamilton Mortimer. (Title devised by cataloguer). The people portrayed are, from left to right, Dr Daniel Solander, Sir Joseph Banks, Captain James Cook, Dr John Hawkesworth, and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, 1771

Portrait of the Kongouro(kangaroo) from New Holland: model for Australia's coat of arms..George Stubbs,comissioned by Joseph Banks

Portrait of the Kongouro(kangaroo) from New Holland: model for Australia's coat of arms..George Stubbs,comissioned by Joseph Banks

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