Famous Pieces of Art Stolen by the Nazis. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I Artist: Gustav Klimt. Gustav Klimt was an Austrian born Symbolist painter. During his lifetime, Klimt created many portraits, murals, and sketches. The primary subject of his work was usually the female body. In 1904, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer hired Gustav Klimt to create a portrait of his wife Adele. She was Jewish.