Black Indian Slave Narratives: Few people realize that Native Americans were enslaved right alongside the African Americans . Fewer still realize that many Native Americans owned African Americans and Native Americans from other tribes. From the interviews with former slaves that were collected by the Federal Writers' Project during the 1930s, this volume offers 27 of the most absorbing firsthand testimonies about African American and Native American relationships in the 19th century…
Dr. Olivia Hooker became the first African American woman to enlist in the U.S. Coast Guard in 1945. To honor this trailblazer on her 100th birthday, the Coast Guard has named a building on Staten Island in her honor! At the ceremony this past Thursday, Coast Guard Commandant Admiral Paul Zukunft unveiled a plaque, stating: “Dr. Olivia Hooker …is an inspiration and a hero to every member of the Coast Guard and our nation.”
Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,
Jesse LeRoy Brown was the first African-American aviator in the United States Navy, a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the first African-American naval officer killed in the Korean War.
Walter S. McAfee (September 2, 1914 - February 18, 1995) was an African American scientist and astronomer, notable for participating in the world's first first lunar radar echo experiments with Project Diana. McAfee was born in Ore City, Texas in Upshur County, as one of nine children. His parents grew up on a farm and his dad was a CME minister.
William Cooper Nell, African-American abolitionist, historian, journalist, and civil servant was born on Dec. 16, 1816. Nell was one of the first people to record extensive African American history (a people's historian!) and an activist for school desegregation in Boston. He launched a petition drive among African American parents in Boston, a first step in the 100 year campaign that led to the Brown v. Board decision.
Martin Luther King King was famous for his civil rights actions to bring about equality for African-Americans, including his famous “I Have a Dream” speech delivered at the March on Washington in 1963. Date: 1960. Photographer: Howard Sochure.
Ruby Bridges, 1960 Ruby Bridges (born 1954) was the first African American child to desegregate an elementary school when she walked into William Frantz Elementary school in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1960.