Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,
"I WAS A SLAVE" This was Cuba. Slavery was not just in the U.S. Most places in North, Central and South America that had plantation economics relied heavily on slavery. Nor, for that matter, were all slaves from Africa. Nor were all slave holders white. Slavery is a universal curse. And it continues today.
Delany Sisters , Daughters of emancipated slaves, Sadie (1889-1999) and Bessie (1891-1995) were civil rights activists. Sadie was the first African American woman to teach Domestic Science and Bessie the second to be granted a dentistry license in NY state.
Betsey Stockton (c. 1798–1865) was an African American educator and missionary born into slavery in Princeton, NJ. She gained her freedom at 20 and travelled to Hawaii, Canada and Philadelphia teaching and serving as a nurse. She moved back to Princeton in 1835 and spent the rest of her life enriching the lives of the members of the local African American community. There is a window memorialized to her in the Witherspoon Street Church, Princeton, NJ.