“Because We are Also the Only Ones Who Give Birth to Men.” Gorgo, Queen of Sparta, explaining why Spartan women were allowed to rule men. Queen Gorgo was the wife of Leonidas. At the time she spoke it, women were second-class citizens just about everywhere, except in Sparta. In contrast to the other women of Greece, Spartan women were treated reasonably well, and enjoyed a much greater level of freedom than their peers could ever expect.
Spartan Warrior is one of our few remaining examples of Spartan art. Sparta or Lacedaemon was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece.
"The Iliad and the Odyssey: The Heroic Story of the Trojan War and the Fabulous Adventures of Odysseus" (1956) illustrated by American artist & illustrator duo Alice (b.1918) & Martin Provensen (1916-1987). via my vintage book collection
Ancient Sparta is well known for its powerful military, and for a period of time was dominant in Greece, among the other city-states. They were for a time, enemies with Athens, during the Peloponnesian league.