Ancient Sparta is well known for its powerful military, and for a period of time was dominant in Greece, among the other city-states. They were for a time, enemies with Athens, during the Peloponnesian league.
The Spartan hoplite. A hoplite was a heavy armed warrior. A Spartan soldier generally carried a dory (spear), xiphos (Spartan sword), hoplon (shield), a Corinthian helmet, greaves (shinguards), and a metal or lamellar cuirass. The Spartan weapons were a well honed part of the ancient world’s premier war machine. Sparta’s elite warriors trained from a young age and unlike their contemporaries on the battle field, being a warrior was the only career they would ever know.