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The Leper King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem

Baldwin IV Of Jerusalem | ... King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem

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The Crusader names for the Frankish settlement at Kawkab al-Hawa were Beauvoir, Belvoir, Bellum videre, Coquet, Cuschet and Coket. The fortress of Belvoir served as a major obstacle to the Muslim goal of invading the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem from the east. It withstood an attack by Muslim forces in 1180. During the campaign of 1182, the Battle of Belvoir Castle was fought nearby between King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Saladin.

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How justified is the claim that the reign of Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (1174–85) was a period of weakness and instability?

"The Battle of Montgisard, 1177" by Zvonimir Grbasic. King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (just 16 at the time and racked with Leprosy) led a smaller force of knights, including contingents of Templars and Hospitalers, against Saladin's much larger army and routed them utterly. Saladin was forced to retreat back to Egypt, which delayed his plans to conquer Jerusalem.

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[Montgisard]. Baha al-Din, Saladin’s personal biographer, wrote about his clash with Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Reynald of Chatillon at Montsigard in 1177.

[Montgisard]. 'On a major campaign against Palestine, Saladin of Egypt besieged the coastal city of Ascalon before advancing towards Jerusalem. in a desperate counter-offensive, King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem, supported by the Knights Templar, ambushed the Muslim army at Montgisard, near Ranleh. Saladin was badly defeated and withdrew to Egypt with heavy losses (25 November 1177)' - (p. 682).

King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem lead decisive battles against the muslims, defeating Saladin with the help of the Knights Templar at the celebrated Battle of Montgisard.

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