Barbara McClintock (b.1902) was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements." McClintock is the only woman to win an unshared Nobel Prize in the field of Physiology or Medicine.
Photographs and brief biographies of the following 18 notable women of science: Mae Jemison, Chien-Shiung Wu, Margaret Mead, Hypatia of Alexanderia, Grace Murray Hopper, Maria Telkes, Helen Brooke Taussig, Ellen Ochoa, Rachel Carson, Florence Sabin, Maria Mitchell, Annie Jump Cannon, Barbara McClintock, Ellen Swallow Richards, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Jane Goodall, Marie Curie, and M. Goeppert-Mayer
Posters honoring six pioneering women in science: radioactivity researcher Marie Curie, physicist and astronaut Sally Ride, legendary primatologist Jane Goodall, marine biologist Rachel Carson, British biophysicist Rosalind Franklin (who helped discover and understand the structure of DNA), and computer scientist Grace Hopper. brainpickings.org