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Crete (Κρήτη)

Iconic image of Greek partisans who fought German invaders during the battle of Crete (May 1941).


The Massacre of Kondomari refers to the execution of male civilians from the village of Kondomari in Crete by an ad hoc firing squad consisting of German paratroopers on 2 June 1941 during World War II. The shooting was the first of a long series of mass reprisals in Crete. It was orchestrated by Generaloberst Kurt Student, in retaliation for the participation of Cretans in the Battle of Crete which had ended with the surrender of the island only two days earlier.


Operation Market-Garden, which includes the Battle for Arnhem, began in September 1944 and became the single largest airborne battle in history, even larger than the German invasion of Crete, Operation Mercury. Market-Garden was the only true attempt by the Allies to use airborne forces in a large strategic invasion role in Europe and would be the last time.


The Massacre of Kondomari. On 2 June 1941, German Fallschirmjäger rounded up the civilians of the Cretan village of Kondomari in one of a long series of mass reprisals on the Greek island of Crete. The execution of the men of Kondomari was orchestrated by Wehrmacht Generaloberst Kurt Student in retaliation for the civilian participation during the Battle of Crete, which had ended in a German victory only two days prior. Throughout the Battle of Crete, the Allied forces and Cretan civilians…


28 1941 The Germans count the cost of Crete. The German parachute troop losses during the invasion of Crete were high. - See more at:


Cretans attacking 3 Germans battle of Crete 1941. Island of the brave. 8000 German paratroopers dropped on a tiny island and the Greek resistance with little help from British killed more then half the troops as they were coming down. The Greeks would stab them with pitchforks and steal their weapons. Fields of blood ran.


German teenage paratrooper taken prisoner by the 104th US Infantry Division near Weisweiler, Germany in January 1945. After 1941, and the decimation of the Parachute Division during the Battle of Crete, German paratroopers were relegated to an infantry role, fighting mainly on the Eastern Front and Italy.