The Battle of Monmouth - Washington finally decided to march his men from Valley Forge toward the retreating British. A 5,000 man force would move ahead, harassing the British rear until a larger body of 6,000 troops could join them. I learned that at the end of the battle, while the British had escaped, the Americans claimed victory in the Battle of Monmouth and Washington was lauded for his bravery.
Clinton suspected that Washington would attack him in strength and ordered Knyphausen to begin his march up the Middletown road to the North at 4am on 28th June 1778. Warned by Dickinson and his New Jersey militia that the British army was on the move, Washington ordered Lee to attack and bring the British withdrawal to a halt until he could bring up the main strength of the American army along the Monmouth Road.
Molly Pitcher at The Battle of Monmouth, 1778-by Franz Ludwig Catel: The weather was hot, over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Sometime during the battle, William Hays collapsed, either wounded or suffering from heat exhaustion. It has often been reported that Hays was killed in the battle, but it is known that he survived.
Molly Pitcher is someone Beneatha would admire because she started as a nurse in the war and then ended up fighting. Being a girl did not hold her back, and she went out of her gender role which was looked down upon at the time and succeeded.
Battle of Monmouth - Wikipedia : Legend of the Battle of Monmouth ; During the exhausting battle of Monmouth, with temperatures over 100 degrees, the wife of an American artilleryman ( believed to be Mary Ludwig Hayes ) brought water to swab the cannons and quench the soldiers thirst. After her husband fell in battle, she took his place, while tending to his wounds. Artillerymen watching her fetch the water from a nearby spring gave her the nickname "Molly Pitcher".
Fought in June the Battle of Monmouth was the Continental Army's first major test after the winter at Valley Forge. The last major engagement in the north, the Battle of Monmouth ended as a draw with the British withdrawing to New York.