Lao Tzu was a philosopher of ancient China, best known as the author of the Tao Te Ching. His association with the Tào Té Chīng has led him to be traditionally considered the founder of philosophical Taoism (pronounced as "Daoism"). He is also revered as a deity in most religious forms of Taoist philosophy, which often refers to Laozi as Taishang Laojun, or "One of the Three Pure Ones".
Pythagoras of Samos (Ancient Greek: Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος, b. about 570 – d. about 495 BC) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religious teaching in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist, but he is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name.
18th century trade card: "Mathematical, Philosophical & Optical, Instruments, are accurately made according to the Best & Latest Improvements, by James Simons, at Sir Isaac Newton's Head, the Corner of Marylebone Street opposite Glasshouse Street, London"
Claude Lanzmann, Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre.Claude Lanzmann: the man who stood witness for the world He lived a remarkable life: a French resistance fighter, a friend of Jean-Paul Sartre and lover of Simone de Beauvoir. Yet he is best known for his epic film, Shoah, the definitive oral record of those who survived the Holocaust.
George Lippard, 1850–54 His writings are said to have awakened Abraham Lincoln to the plight of slaves. A religious and philosophical child prodigy from Philadelphia, George Lippard (1822–1854) was a prolific author and a steadfast defender of the oppressed. In 1847, he founded the Brotherhood of America, an organization that continues to champion the underprivileged today, Lippard, whose best known essays recorded “Legends” of old Philadelphia, was also a close friend of Edgar Allan…