African American children are attacked by dogs and water cannons during the 1963 Birmingham Campaign, a protest against segregation. (photo: Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

African American children are attacked by dogs and water cannons during the 1963 Birmingham Campaign, a protest against segregation. (photo: Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

On May 10, 1963 after months of protest and negotiation, a council representing businesses in downtown Birmingham reached an agreement with Martin Luther King, Jr. and the SCLC. The council agreed to desegregate and hire black clerical workers and sales associates. #TodayInBlackHistory

On May 10, 1963 after months of protest and negotiation, a council representing businesses in downtown Birmingham reached an agreement with Martin Luther King, Jr. and the SCLC. The council agreed to desegregate and hire black clerical workers and sales associates. #TodayInBlackHistory

Lola Mae Haynes Hendricks was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth’s Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963. She assisted Wyatt Walker in planning the early portions of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s involvement in the 1963 Birmingham Campaign during ...Lola Mae Haynes Hendricks was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth’s Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963. She assisted Wyatt Walker in planning the early…

Lola Mae Haynes Hendricks was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth’s Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963. She assisted Wyatt Walker in planning the early portions of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s involvement in the 1963 Birmingham Campaign during ...Lola Mae Haynes Hendricks was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth’s Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963. She assisted Wyatt Walker in planning the early…

The Letter from Birmingham Jail, composed by Martin Luther King, Jr from his cell in the Birmingham City Jail and dated April 16, 1963, was a seminal document that established the moral foundations for the non-violent civil rights demonstrations of the Birmingham campaign.  http://abacus.bates.edu/admin/offices/dos/mlk/letter.html

The Letter from Birmingham Jail, composed by Martin Luther King, Jr from his cell in the Birmingham City Jail and dated April 16, 1963, was a seminal document that established the moral foundations for the non-violent civil rights demonstrations of the Birmingham campaign. http://abacus.bates.edu/admin/offices/dos/mlk/letter.html

Bill Hudson's image of Parker High School student Walter Gadsden being attacked by dogs in Birmingham, Alabama was published in The New York Times on May 4, 1963.

Bill Hudson's image of Parker High School student Walter Gadsden being attacked by dogs in Birmingham, Alabama was published in The New York Times on May 4, 1963.

Birmingham Campaign (1963) and MLK's Letter from a Birmingham Jail

Birmingham Campaign (1963) and MLK's Letter from a Birmingham Jail

Those who braved abuse during "The Birmingham Campaign" in an effort to help end segregation in Alabama in 1963 | Civil Rights Movement | Black History | PBS

Those who braved abuse during "The Birmingham Campaign" in an effort to help end segregation in Alabama in 1963 | Civil Rights Movement | Black History | PBS

POLICE DOG ATTACK    Police K-9 units were deployed to manage crowds of protesters during the Birmingham Campaign of the civil rights movement in May 1963. Such actions brought massive negative publicity to the city in the national media.

POLICE DOG ATTACK Police K-9 units were deployed to manage crowds of protesters during the Birmingham Campaign of the civil rights movement in May 1963. Such actions brought massive negative publicity to the city in the national media.

Diane Nash: In 1962, she was sentenced to two years in prison for teaching nonviolent tactics to children in Jackson, MS, although she was four months pregnant. She was later released on appeal. Nash played a major role in the Birmingham de-segregation campaign of 1963 and the Selma Voting Rights Campaign of 1965

Diane Nash: In 1962, she was sentenced to two years in prison for teaching nonviolent tactics to children in Jackson, MS, although she was four months pregnant. She was later released on appeal. Nash played a major role in the Birmingham de-segregation campaign of 1963 and the Selma Voting Rights Campaign of 1965

The May 2, 1963, launch of the Children's Crusade during the Birmingham Campaign of the civil rights movement saw City Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor authorize the arrest of young protesters, as well as crowd control with fire hoses and police dogs.

The May 2, 1963, launch of the Children's Crusade during the Birmingham Campaign of the civil rights movement saw City Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor authorize the arrest of young protesters, as well as crowd control with fire hoses and police dogs.

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