On September 15, 1963 Johnny Robinson, age 16, was shot in the back by Birmingham police officer Jack Parker firing from a squad car. Others in the car said the driver going over a bump or hitting his brakes could have caused Parker to fire. Other witnesses heard two shots. Robinson's family never talked about his death, and his brother and sister went to school the next day. Another youth, Virgil Ware, 13, was also killed in the aftermath of the church bombing. #TodayInBlackHistory
Birmingham 1963 on the historylearningsite.co.uk. Contrast between this successful campaign (largely due to economic boycotts of white businesses forcing their owners to desegregate their premises) and the unsuccessful campaign at Albany (http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/albany_1961.htm) very important. Over-reaction of Birmingham police chief Connor handed the Civil Rights Movement a great deal of sympathetic national publicity.
Police use dogs to quell civil unrest in Birmingham, Ala., in May 1963. Birmingham's police commissioner "Bull" Connor also allowed fire hoses to be turned on young civil rights demonstrators. These measures set off a backlash of sentiment that rejuvenated the flagging civil rights movement.
On this day in history In the spring of 1963, activists in Birmingham, Alabama launched one of the most influential campaigns of the Civil Rights Movement: Project C, better known as The Birmingham Campaign.