A Symbol of Success Hats also served as status symbols. "Once you got up on your feet and started working, you bought some hats," said boutique owner Audrey Easter, in Michael Cunningham and Craig Marberry's book, Crowns. Many women match their hats with their pocketbooks and gloves.
This meme depicts the early black church after many Africans were forced to convert to Christianity. Of course, Marx would agree that white supervision in the church house during slavery was a form of oppression and social control.
African American Watch Night. Skeptical that President Abraham Lincoln would keep his word about emancipation, African Americans, both free and slave, as well as abolitionists, prayed through the night and into the day. Abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass stayed at a church in Rochester, N.Y., until 10 p.m. on New Year's Day, awaiting a cable that assured him that the law had been passed. Source: US Slave: December 2011