Clonycavan bog man. Recovered from a bog in Co. Meath, he had been disembowelled and struck three times across the head with axe and once across the body. The remains were radiocarbon dated to between 392 BC and 201 BC and, unusually, his hair was spiked with pine resin (a very early form of hair gel). Furthermore, the trees from which the resin was sourced only grow in Spain and south-west France, indicating the presence of long distance trade routes.
Grauballe Man - a bog mummy dating from around 55 BC - was found in 1952 near Grauballe, Denmark by a team of peat diggers. The adult male was most likely killed by having his throat slit open from ear to ear. There were no artifacts or any evidence of cloathing, indicating that when he died he was entirely naked. Grauballe Man is one of the most exeptionally preserved bog bodies ever to be recorded and is on permanent display at the Moesgaard Museum near Aarhus.
The Haraldskær Woman is a bog body found naturally preserved in a bog in Denmark. Her death occurred around the fifth century BC. Not only was the intact skeleton found, but the skin and internal organs were as well. This find was one of the earliest bog bodies archaeologists ever studied.
“Bog bodies” is a term commonly used to classify the hundreds of human remains from northwestern Europe that date to the Iron Age (ca. 500 B.C.–A.D. 100). For the Celtic tribes that lived during this period, bogs were sacred settings for religious rituals, including dedications, offerings, and sacrifices.
Bog Bodies of the Iron Age- More than a thousand preserved bodies and skeletons have emerged from the peat bogs of Northwest Europe, and scientists now have the tools to study the remains in such detail that they can, in a sense, resurrect ancient people.
Clonycavan Man (around 392 BC) is a well-preserved Iron Age bog body found in Clonycavan, County Meath, Ireland in 2003. Only his torso and upper abdomen are preserved. He was found in a peat harvesting machine, which was possibly responsable for the severing of his lower body. The most distinguishing feature of the man was his hair, which was in a standing Mohawk hairstyle raised with the help of hair gel (made of plant oil and pine resin). His skull was split open with most likely an axe.
The bog bodies of Europe | Mathilda's Anthropology Blog, This is one of Europes bog bodies, found in 1897 by peat cutters by the village of Yde in the Netherlands. Carbon dating on the body dated her to the first century AD. She had been killed by strangulation; a woolen belt was wrapped around her neck three times and was she then strangled. A small stab wound was found at the base of her throat, suggesting this was some kind of ritual killing. She is estimated to have been about 16 years…