Cape Verde: The Islands are an archipelago of ten islands, located off the coast of West Africa. This is one of the smallest countries of Africa. The population is mostly Creole; literacy is 85%. The official language is Portuguese, while Cape Verdean Creole is the everyday language.
The Cape Verde islands consist of two small (volcanic in origin) archipelagos, about 400 miles off the western coast of Africa. These once uninhabited islands were first discovered by the ancient Phoenicians, then later colonized and exploited by the Portuguese, beginning in the 15th century. In the 16th century the islands became an infamous trading center for African slaves, and eventually, an important stopping point for transatlantic sea traffic in the 19th century.
Capital and largest city Praia 14°55′N 23°31′W Official languages Portuguese Recognised regional languages Cape Verdean Creole Demonym Cabo Verdean Government Unitary semi-presidential republic - President Jorge Carlos Fonseca - Prime Minister José Maria Neves - Assembly President Basílio Ramos Legislature National Assembly