Catherine Parr (Katherine, Kateryn, Katheryne or Kathrine); 1512 – 5 September 1548) was Queen consort of England and Ireland and the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII of England. She married Henry VIII on 12 July 1543. She was the fourth commoner Henry had taken as his consort, and outlived him. She was also the most-married English queen, as she had a total of four husbands.
Most unaware that Catherine Parr was a descendant of royalty.Her father's paternal lineage linked her back to William "the Lion" of Scotland and other Scottish nobility.Through her paternal grandmother,Lady Elizabeth FitzHugh, Catherine Parr was a direct descendant of King Edward III of England (House of Plantagenet) and Philippa of Hainault,Queen consort of England through their son Prince John of Gaunt,Duke of Lancaster/Plantagenet and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford née Roët.