Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia was the most renowned and the longest ruling female leader of Russia, reigned from July 9, 1762 to November 17, 1796. It was under her rule that Russia became one of t he Great Powers of Europe.
The Great Imperial Crown made in 1762 for the coronation of Catherine the Great by the court jeweler J.Pauzie represents the height of creative imagination, lavish beauty and skilled workmanship. It is adorned with five thousand diamonds arranged in a splendid pattern of laurel wreaths and oak branches.
This portrait of Catherine II The Great of 1780, thought to be painted by Italian artist Stefano Torelli. Catherine is 51 years old here. Catherine wears a replica of ancient Russian gown prepared for masquerade. Catherine enjoyed Russian style in gowns as it made her body looked thinner but Russian court followed French fashion. The combination of Russian and European styles in great gowns of women appeared only with Catherine's grandson Nikolay I.