Greek Alphabet Greek civilization laid the foundation for many of the accomplishments of the western world. the Greeks took the Phoenician or North Semitic alphabet and changed five consonants to vowels. Greeks applied geometric structure and order to the uneven Phoenician characters, converting them into art forms of great harmony and beauty. greeks developed Boustrophedon writing method-for every other line reads in the opposite direction.
Mesopotamia, Civilization And The Sumerians: The Cradle and the Fertile Crescent
Indus culture seems to have gradually spread from west to east, with sites towards central and southern India flourishing after Harappa and Mohenjo Daro had declined. The drying up of the ancient Saraswati or Ghaggar-Hakra River, east of and parallel to the Indus, may also have affected the civilization. There are numerous Indus sites along that river bed.
Nile Valley of Ancient Egypt ~ Egyptian civilization developed along the banks of the river Nile. The Nile Valley stands in sharp contrast to the arid deserts of Africa. Its long, narrow flood plain was a magnet for life, attracting people, animals and plants to its banks, and providing ideal conditions for the development of stable communities. Evidence suggests that the region was inhabited as far back as 700,000 years ago by Neolithic and Paleolithic Man.