The slight differences between classical Athens and Sparta are magnified in this lesson because it provides for good issue-based discussion. In reality Athens and Sparta were both fairly militaristic, and at other times both were fairly democratic. Contrary to the way they are commonly portrayed, Athens had a powerful army and navy, and Sparta had an Assembly of elected members.
/// ATHENS /// is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,400 years. Classical Athens, as a landlocked location was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum
Ancient Greek Architecture. The Statue of Athena at Parthenon Athens, Greece Circa 432 B.C. 40 ft high, made of gold and ivory and designed by Phidias. Tunic was made of gold plates with the skin of ivory. Pausanias, it was said that there was an image of a sphinx was on Athena’s helmet. In one hand was a 6ft statue of victory, spear in the other and shield at her feet. http://sasgreekart.pbworks.com/w/page/10150019/Parthenon—Scultpture
Agora of ancient Athens in the 2nd century AD. Reconstruction by Balage Balogh/Archaeologyillustrated.com based on a photo and meticulous research of excavations of the past 100 years as well as existing ideas of the elevation of some buildings.
Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science...