The slight differences between classical Athens and Sparta are magnified in this lesson because it provides for good issue-based discussion. In reality Athens and Sparta were both fairly militaristic, and at other times both were fairly democratic. Contrary to the way they are commonly portrayed, Athens had a powerful army and navy, and Sparta had an Assembly of elected members.
The Porch of the Caryatids a temple for the middle classical period of Greek art and architecture. The temple was built on the Acropolis of Temple and it represented sanctuaries to the Greek Gods Athena, Poseidon, and Erechtheus. Various attempts for restoration caused damage to the roof. One interesting fact about the statues is that they were moved to a museum and replaced by exact replicas.
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 7000 years. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization.
A new grandiose building programme begun on the Acropolis during the Classical times. The south side was filled with the ruins of destroyed temples, broken statues, inscriptions and tons of earth in order to flatten the surface and make it ready to accept the huge foundations of the Parthenon. A new wall was constructed and …
The Parthenon in Athens.jpg Construction began in 447 BC ...(and) completed in 438 BC... It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order.