Quantum mechanics departs from classical mechanics primarily at the atomic and subatomic scales. Quantum mechanics governs the microscopic world. CCMPL work on the basic theory of quantum mechanics, that is, direct solution of Schrödinger Equation (SE), not only for single-body system (like free electron)
Crystallography-- is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in the crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" derives from the Greek words crystallon "cold drop, frozen drop", with its meaning extending to all solids with some degree of transparency, and grapho "I write". In July 2012, the United Nations recognised the importance of the science of crystallography by proclaiming that 2014 would be the International Year of Crystallography.
A new ordered phase of matter has been discovered by Caltech researchers, which has big implications for superconductors – materials that conduct electricity with no resistance. The team thinks that this phase happens just before a material turns superconductive. Scientists are interested in superconductors as they transmit electricity and signals without losing energy.
Alexei A. Abrikosov 2003 Born: 25 June 1928, Moscow, USSR (now Russia) Affiliation at the time of the award: Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA Prize motivation: "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids" Field: Condensed matter physics, superfluidity, superconductivity
Lev Davidovich Landau 1962 Born: 22 January 1908, Baku, Russian Empire (now Azerbaijan) Died: 1 April 1968, Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union Affiliation at the time of the award: Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR Prize motivation: "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium" Field: Condensed matter physics, superfluidity