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A statue to the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great at the approximate spot in York, England, where he was proclaimed emperor in the year 306. He was the first Christian emperor of Rome.

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Constantine I. R. 306-337. Constantine was the 1st Christian emperor. Constantine decided to establish a new Eastern capital representing the integration of the east into the Roman Empire as a whole. He settled on the Greek city of Byzantium, located in strategic spot. The residents spontaneously decided to rename the city Constantinople. Relics of the True Cross & the Rod of Moses protected the city. The Church of the Holy Apostles was built over a temple to Aphrodite. It was the “New…

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Emperor Constantine in the fourth century CE made the capital Constantinepole. Separate emperors ruled from it after his death. Pictured here is a bust of Constantine.

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During the rule of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (reigned 306–337), Christianity became a dominant religion of the Roman Empire

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During the First Council of Nicaea in 325 C.E., the Roman emperor Constantine said, "… Let us then have nothing in common with the detestable Jewish crowd; for we have received from our Saviour a different way." In 329, he issued an edict providing for the death penalty for any non-Jew who embraced the Jewish faith, as well as for Jews who encouraged them. Jews were forbidden marriage to Christians, an edict echoed 1600 years later in the Nuremberg Laws in the 1930's.

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Colossal marble head of Emperor ConstantineThe age of Constantine marked a distinct epoch in the history of the Roman Empire. He built a new imperial residence at Byzantium and named it New Rome. However, in Constantine's honor, the Romans called it Constantinople, which would later be the capital of what is now known as the Byzantine Empire for over one thousand years. Because of this, he is thought of as the founder of the Byzantine Empire

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