Portrait of General James H. Doolittle (1896 - 1993) standing beside an airplane, circa 1944-45. Flying B-25 medium bombers, he led the Doolittle Raid, the first air raid against targets in Japan during World War II. (Photo by PhotoQuest/Getty Images)
A U.S. Army Air Force B-25B Mitchell medium bomber, one of sixteen involved in the mission, takes off from the flight deck of the USS Hornet for an air raid on the Japanese Home Islands, on April 18, 1942. The attack, later known as the Doolittle Raid, inflicted limited damage, but gave a huge boost to American morale after the attacks on Pearl Harbor months earlier.