The colonial "Durand Line." The light-orange overlay shows the area where the Pashtun lives. In the 1800s, a British colonial officer named Mortimer Durand negotiated the border between the British Indian Raj and the quasi-independent nation of Afghanistan. He drew the border across the middle of the Pashtun areas, thus leaving Pashtuns to be minorities in both states. The "Durand Line," marked in red, became most of the border between modern Afghanistan and Pakistan.