The Dutch Colonial Army was the main defense against the Japanese invading the Netherlands East Indies during World War II. In December 1941, Dutch forces in Indonesia numbered around 85,000 troops, a combination of European and indigenous regular soldiers, locally organized militia, territorial guard units and civilian volunteers.
March 20, 1602: The Dutch East India Company is founded. The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-indische Compagnie) was founded through the sponsorship of the Dutch government, who granted it a monopoly over trade in the East Indies through a charter that was set to expire after twenty-one years. The company could, through this charter, build forts and conduct military and diplomatic activities in the area, which would help to protect and direct Dutch trade in the East Indies