Signet ring of the Black Prince.  In 1337, Edward, the Black Prince was created Duke of Cornwall, taking precedence over all earls. Dukedoms were reserved for members of the Royal Family until 1387, when Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford, the favourite of Richard II, was created Duke of Ireland for life. De Vere had previously been created Marquess of Dublin for life, making him the first person to hold a dignity of such a rank between Dukes and Earls.

Signet ring of the Black Prince. In 1337, Edward, the Black Prince was created Duke of Cornwall, taking precedence over all earls. Dukedoms were reserved for members of the Royal Family until 1387, when Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford, the favourite of Richard II, was created Duke of Ireland for life. De Vere had previously been created Marquess of Dublin for life, making him the first person to hold a dignity of such a rank between Dukes and Earls.

Prince of Wales,Prince of Aquitaine - Edward, Prince of Wales as Knight of the Order of the Garter, 1453, illustration from the Bruges Garter Book. Spouse:	Joan, 4th Countess of Kent

Prince of Wales,Prince of Aquitaine - Edward, Prince of Wales as Knight of the Order of the Garter, 1453, illustration from the Bruges Garter Book. Spouse: Joan, 4th Countess of Kent

The Black Prince -- Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales (21 uncle) , oldest son of Edward III (22 gfather), father of Richard II.

The Black Prince -- Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales (21 uncle) , oldest son of Edward III (22 gfather), father of Richard II.

Surrender of King John II of France to Edward the Black Prince of England after the Battle of Poitiers, Hundred Years War

Surrender of King John II of France to Edward the Black Prince of England after the Battle of Poitiers, Hundred Years War

Philippa of Hainault (1314 - 1369). Wife of Edward III. Queen from 1328 - 1369. Mother of Edward The Black Prince, and John of Gaunt. Her marriage was supposedly very happy.

Philippa of Hainault (1314 - 1369). Wife of Edward III. Queen from 1328 - 1369. Mother of Edward The Black Prince, and John of Gaunt. Her marriage was supposedly very happy.

Tomb effigy of the Black Prince Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales. Canterbury Cathedral

Tomb effigy of the Black Prince Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales. Canterbury Cathedral

Tomb of Edward The Black Prince (1330-1376), Canterbury Cathedral. Remembered as a great war captain, his greatest victory was at Poitiers in 1356, where he captured the French king, Jean II and his rich baggage.

Tomb of Edward The Black Prince (1330-1376), Canterbury Cathedral. Remembered as a great war captain, his greatest victory was at Poitiers in 1356, where he captured the French king, Jean II and his rich baggage.

Edward III of England - King Edward III grants Aquitaine to his son Edward, the Black Prince

Edward III of England - King Edward III grants Aquitaine to his son Edward, the Black Prince

Joan of Kent, first Princess of Wales (1328-1385) was the wife of Edward the Black Prince. Their marriage was a love match; the Plantagenet sons of Edward III had a tendency to defy convention & follow their heart. While Edward & Joan never became King & Queen of England, their surviving son became Richard II. Edward treated his wife affectionately in public & in private; his letter to her seven years after their wedding began, "My dearest and truest sweetheart and beloved companion."

Joan of Kent, first Princess of Wales (1328-1385) was the wife of Edward the Black Prince. Their marriage was a love match; the Plantagenet sons of Edward III had a tendency to defy convention & follow their heart. While Edward & Joan never became King & Queen of England, their surviving son became Richard II. Edward treated his wife affectionately in public & in private; his letter to her seven years after their wedding began, "My dearest and truest sweetheart and beloved companion."

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