Emmy Noether | 1935: "“In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians,” penned Albert Einstein, “Fräulein Noether was the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began.” After a lifetime of being discouraged and disallowed, underpaid and unpaid, doubted and ousted, Emmy Noether had reached the pinnacle of peer respect among her fellow giants of mathematical science."
Emmy Noether (23 March 1882 – 14 April 1935), was an influential German mathematician known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, Norbert Wiener and others as the most important woman in the history of mathematics, she revolutionized the theories of rings, fields, and algebras.
The female mathematician who changed the course of physics—but couldn’t get a job
Emmy Noether ~ the "backbone of modern Physics", revolutionized abstract algebra, with special attention to rings, groups, and fields, filled gaps in relativity. Saw relationships that traditional algebra experts could not. Was not allowed to fill a paid teaching position, as a woman.
Emmy Noether - worked at the Mathematical Institute of Erlangen, without pay or title, and started work on the more general, theoretical algebra for which she would later be recognized. Noether's conceptual approach to algebra led to a body of principles unifying algebra, geometry, linear algebra, topology, and logic.
Emmy Noether - German mathematician known for her landmark contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics