Alan Turing was a quite brilliant mathematician, most famous for his work on breaking the German Enigma codes. It is no exaggeration to say that, without his outstanding contribution, the history of the Second World War could have been very different. He truly was one of those individuals we can point to whose unique contribution helped to turn the tide of war.
Alan Turing, Enigma Code-Breaker and Computer Pioneer, Wins Royal Pardon
Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist. You have Joan and the women of Bletchley Park to thank for changing the History of the World AND the fact that you’re reading this on a computer!
This is the inside of the Turing Bombe, the Bletchley Park code-breaking machine and forerunner of the modern computer. It assisted in de-coding messages sent on Nazi Enigma machines during the Second World War.
Bill Nye's Mom Was A Badass World War II Code Breaker
"During World War II, Bill Nye’s mom Jacqueline Nye (née Jenkins), was in the Navy and was even recruited to work on the Enigma code. An Allied code-breaking team used recovered Enigma machines, invented by Germans, to decrypt German messages, which historians say helped shorten the war."
Alan Turing, Enigma Code-Breaker and Computer Pioneer, Wins Royal Pardon: Nearly 60 years after his death, Alan Turing, British mathematician, received a formal pardon from Queen Elizabeth II for his conviction in 1952 on charges of homosexuality.