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Etruscan Vase in the shape of a cock, second half of 7th century B.C. Etruscan Terracotta


The RAS'NA(Etruscan) Alphabet The Etruscan language is universally accepted as an isolated case. It cannot be shown conclusively to be related to any other language, living or dead, except for a couple of sparsely attested extinct languages. Here they used ancient Greek an Phoenicians signs to fit their still mysterious language..


The Etruscan language has been difficult to analyze. Long thought an isolate, consensus now holds that it is related to languages in the Alps and the Aegean island of Lemnos. It was superseded by Latin and was written in an alphabet derived from the Greek alphabet; this alphabet was the source of the Latin alphabet. It is also believed to be the source of certain important cultural words of Western Europe such as 'military' and 'person,' which do not have obvious Indo-European roots.


Etruscan Gold Book: This is believed to be the oldest complete multiple page book found in the world. It is made of six plates of gold, each 5 x 4.5 cm, and bound with two rings. It dates to 600 BC.

from medievalfragments

What is the Oldest Book in the World?

Old Etruscan "book", made c. 600 BC (Sofia, National History Museum).


The Etruscans were the first people in the Italic peninsula to learn to write. They adopted the Euboean Greek alphabet, and from them writing spread to other cultures of the Italic peninsula such as the Romans.


Detail of Map of Italy 5th century BC: Etruscan territory and sphere of influence.


Etruscan Bronze Figure of a Horse Standing Upon an Integral Plinth. Late Archaic, Late 6th/Early 5th century B.C.E. Most probably from Vulci


Etruscan bronze statuette of a haruspex wearing a pointed hat. C.600BC. Villa Giulia Etruscan national museum