From December 1941 all women aged 18 to 50, except those exempted, were required to do National Service. They could either join one the uniformed women's services,or seek work in a factory.The contribution made by the women factory workers must be among the most neglected aspect of WW2.The factories were the target of enemy bombers & their homes were near those factories.They worked long hours, spent nights in air raid shelters & survived under food and fuel rationing conditions.
Laura Knight, "Ruby Loftus Screwing a Breech-ring," 1943. This painting depicts "outstanding factory worker" Ruby Loftus at her lathe in the Royal Ordnance Factory in Newport, South Wales. Official war artist Dame Laura Knight spent four weeks in the factory sketching Ruby Loftus at work. The portrait captures the intense concentration and poise of her subject. The technical accuracy of the industrial setting was also widely praised."
"The WOW bandana, designed in accordance with U.S. Army specifications, is an attractive, safe, and unifying head covering to identify women ordance workers. About 27" square, it is available either in ordnance red with white ordnance insignia, or in white with red ordnance insignia. Every woman in your plant will want one - it's a "WOW" for morale!" (Ad, 1943) The head scarf with flaming bomb designs became the symbol of women working in war industries.