We tend to cast slavery as a pre-modern institution isolated in time, divorced from later success. This robs millions who suffered bondage their full legacy. Expansion of slavery in the first 8 decades after U.S. independence drove U.S. evolution & modernization. Using intimate slave narratives, plantation records, newspapers, words of politicians, entrepreneurs, escaped slaves, this book offers an interpretation that forces readers to reckon with violence at the root of U.S. supremacy.
Your students will become investigators on a history mystery analyzing primary and secondary sources surrounding the Trail of Tears forced migration of the Cherokee people. This activity includes over a dozen primary and secondary sources set up in 8 investigation stations and students' investigation packet.
March 1936. "Heavy black clouds of dust rising over the Texas Panhandle" — evidence of the forces that were driving thousands of farm families in Texas and Oklahoma to the West Coast in the great Dust Bowl migration chronicled in "The Grapes of Wrath." Medium format negative by Arthur Rothstein. View full size.
The "Trail of Tears". In 1837, the "Indian Removal Policy" began, to implement the act of Congress, signed by the President who said "that the only good Indian is a dead Indian", Andrew Jackson in 1830. The forced march, consisted of about twenty Native American tribes that included "Five Civilized Tribes" (Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole). They were pushed into "Indian Territory" (which later became Oklahoma).
Sioux Warrior- Best known of the plains peoples, the Sioux migrated from the American north east in the 18th century. The Sioux played a dominant role in the history of the plains. One outstanding event was when they combined forces with the Cheyenne and Arapaho and obliterated the U. S. cavalry forces under Gen. George Custer at the Little Big Horn in 1876.