Efficient FORTRAN Programming (Wiley Professional Computing) by Anton Kruger. This book shows how to program for efficiency and explains that even simple alterations to existing programs can lead to dramatic reductions in execution time. http://search.lib.uiowa.edu/01IOWA:default_scope:01IOWA_ALMA21300559710002771
Javanotes 7 #java #virtual #machine # #download http://turkey.nef2.com/javanotes-7-java-virtual-machine-download/ # Section 1.3 The Java Virtual Machine M achine language consists of very simple instructions that can be executed directly by the CPU of a computer. Almost all programs, though, are written in high-level programming languages such as Java, Fortran, or C++. A program written in a high-level language cannot be run directly on any computer. First, it has to be translated into…
Paul Rand (attributed) book cover design, 1958-61. IBM Reference Manual: 709/7090 FORTRAN Programming System
IBM 704 The IBM 704 was introduced in 1955 as the first machine in the IBM 700 series scientific line—it was designed specifically for engineering and scientific calculations. It was the first machine with magnetic core memory and the first to use the FORTRAN programming language. When an IBM 704 was installed in France in 1957, it was called “the most powerful electronic brain.”
July 23, 1930 Daniel McCracken, who wrote the first textbook on FORTRAN, was born. A student of mathematics and chemistry, McCracken started working in computers at General Electric in 1951, training workers in using the new technology. Based on this teaching experience, McCracken wrote several important computer programming textbooks, most notably A Guide to FORTRAN Programming in 1961.
The history of arts computing’s heroic age is a family affair in Hannah B Higgins and Douglas Kahn’s Mainframe Experimentalism: Early Computing and the Foundations of the Digital Arts. Starting with the founding legend of the FORTRAN programming workshops that one of the editors’ parents led in their New York apartment in the '60s, the book quickly broadens across continents and decades to cover the mainframe and minicomputer period of digital art.