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from Smithsonian

The Man Who Wrote the Pledge of Allegiance

Originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942


Bring back to our schools everything that is in this picture. Children dressed properly, The Pledge of Allegiance, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln pictures on the wall.


The pledge of our grandparents. "The original Bellamy salute, first described in 1892 by Francis Bellamy, who authored the original Pledge, began with a military salute, and after reciting the words "to the flag," the arm was extended toward the flag. In World War II, the salute too much resembled the Nazi salute, so it was changed to keep the right hand over the heart throughout."


September 8, 1892 - The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited. The original text was, "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." The phrase "under God" was added in 1954 during the height of the Cold War.


Pledge of Allegiance First Published  On September 8, 1892, Francis Bellamy’s Pledge of Allegiance was published in The Youth’s Companion magazine to