Supernumerary teeth (hyperdontia) can be the result of problems such as cleidocranial dysostosis and labial palatal cleft. They also can be caused by Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Gardner's syndrome and Fabry-Anderson syndrome.
Overview of Gardner's opinions on pedophilia and child sexual abuse. He has been considered a "guru" of child custody evaluations & the recently invented syndrome called "parental alienation." A must-read.
Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) is usually found before patients reach 30 years of age. They may enlarge with time, but are not commonly associated with malignant transformation. There has been an association made between people with Gardner's Syndrome (familial colonic polyposes) and CHRPE.
EPITHELIAL INCLUSION CYST Def: traumatic implantation of epidermis into dermis, plugged follicle Can be associated with Gardner's syndrome (polyposis) SSx: slow-growing, white, round, firm, usually < 1 cm DDx: neoplasm Tx: excision, marsupialization
osteoma What is the most common benign tumor of the nose and paranasal sinuses? Also associated with Gardner's Syndrome (image shows a sclerotic mass surrounded by air and located within the frontal sinus).