In 1914 there were three Schutztruppe commands, one in each of the German colonial regions in East, West, and Southwest Africa. Schutztruppe formations were organizationally never a part of the army or navy. German military law and discipline applied to the Schutztruppe. Shown here, Schutztruppe Askari Flag Carrier, German East Africa, 1906
Troops known as 'Askaris' occupying a trench near Kilimanjaro, fighting as part of the Schutztruppe in Tanzania, German East Africa, 1914-18 (b/w photo) Image ID: SZP 355502 - Kilimanjaro: The Lost History http://africanencounters.blogspot.com/
Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck (1870-1964), Master of Guerrilla Tactics Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (20 March 1870 – 9 March 1964) was a general in the Imperial German Army and the commander of the German East Africa campaign. For four years, with a force that never exceeded about 14,000 (3,000 Germans and 11,000 Africans), he held in check a much larger force of 300,000 British, Belgian, and Portuguese troops. Essentially undefeated in the field.