7 Medieval African Kingdoms Everyone Should Know About While Europe was experiencing its Dark Ages, a period of intellectual, cultural and economic regression from the sixth to the 13th centuries, Africans were experiencing an almost continent-wide renaissance after the decline of the Nile Valley civilizations of Egypt and Nubia.
The Empire of Ghana, was centered in what is the modern country of Mali, where complex societies existed as far back as 1,500 B.C. The domestication of the camel, hundreds of years before Arabs, facilitated trade over vast distances of gold, ivory and salt. Merchants paid taxes to the king, making him on of the wealthiest rulers in the world.
King Mansa Musa I (Emperor) was an important Malian king, ruling from 1312 to 1337 Musa ruled the Mali Empire his worth the equivalent of $400 billion in today’s currency, which makes him the richest man in the last 1000 years of human history -a master businessman & economist gained his wealth through Mali’s supply of gold, salt and ivory, the main commodities for most of the world during that time. Shaka, king of the Zulus (1787) inherited the throne of father Zulu Chief Senzangakhona.
Ibn Ammar came to the attention of the Muslim ruler of the taifa of Seville through his poetry and skill at chess, but tried to seize part of the kingdom for himself, and was strangled personally by his monarch in 1086