http://www.palgraveconnect.com/pc/doifinder/10.1057/9781137312006 Haiti's history is one of revolution, intervention, and persistent underdevelopment. This book seeks to make sense of these challenging experiences through an examination of the political legacies of the Duvalier period and after.
Toussaint Louverture revolting against the French | A Nation Is Born | Following 13 years of revolution, Haiti becomes independent in 1804. Former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines assumes the title of Emperor. Rebels kill him two years later, and civil war breaks out.