Jane Briggs Hart (October 21, 1921 – June 5, 2015) was an aviator and widow of the late Senator Philip A. Hart. Hart earned her pilot's license during World War II; later became the first licensed female helicopter pilot in Michigan. In the early 1960s, she was chosen to be in the Lovelace Space Program to test women pilots for astronaut fitness. At 40, she became one of 13 women (later dubbed the Mercury 13) to qualify. She was a founding member of National Organization of Women.