Ariel view of the modern location of the City of David (Ophel) - Looking from South to North. The white broken-line is where the ancient city of David was located (which is outside the city wall today). The gold domed building is the Muslim shrine called the Dome of the Rock. It is surrounded by ancient retaining wall of the Herodian Temple mount. This picture gives distance perspective. The Kidron valley can be seen on the left (?) side.
Herod Antipas was named tetrarch of Galilee and ruled prior to, and during, the life of Jesus. He divorced his first wife in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his half-brother. John the Baptist condemned the marriage, and Herod had him beheaded for it. He was finally driven to ruin by Herodias’ ambitions. Herod Antipas was one of the judges, with Pontius Pilate, in the decision to order the execution of Jesus. He was banished to Gaul by Caligula and died in exile.
Herodian: Herod the Great built this monumental fortress and palace in the Judean desert south of Jerusalem, and was buried here. The site was a rebel stronghold during the great revolts against the Romans. It is one of the most exciting archaeological sites in Israel.
To the east of the Double Huldah Gates was situated a set of three gates, called the Triple Huldah Gates. Leading up to these gates was a staircase. The present gates are not original to the Herodian period, but were built on their ruins (H. ben-Dov, In the Shadow of the Temple, 138).
First Demo of Herods temple in Jerusalem; The Reconstruction of the Herodian Sanctuary According to the Writings of Josephus Flavius. Based on the Doctoral Dissertation of Dr. Yehoshua Peleg, department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, faculty of Jewish Studies, Bar-Ilan University,
The portion of the Western Wall inside the black box is the portion that remains from Herod's New Testament Temple Mount's retaining wall. The stones inside the black box, or those seven courses of stone, are all Herodian Ashlar blocks.