Herodotus ca. 484 – 425 BC Herodotus is considered the father of history in Western culture. He approached history as a science by collecting his material systematically and testing its accuracy. Herodotus was also a gifted narrator. The word history itself comes from Herodotus’ book The Histories, which means “inquiries” in Greek. This book is also considered the first work of history in Western literature.
Herodotus, the "Father of History," was born 485 BC, in Halicarnassus (Bodrum in Modern Turkey), a Greek city in Asia Minor. It is probable that Herodotus was banished early in life, allowing him to travel extensively throughout the Mediterannean world. He exhibited a lively interest in everything he saw, both among Greeks and foreigners. "The Histories," his great work, is a compilation of what he saw and what he heard from others, a two century record of the Persian wars, and the…
Psamtik I (also spelled Psammeticus or Psammetichus), was the first of three kings of that name of the Saite, or Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt. His prenomen, Wah-Ib-Re, means "Constant [is the] Heart [of] Re." Historical references for the Dodecarchy and the rise of Psamtik I in power, establishing the Saitic Dynasty, are recorded in Herodotus Histories, Book II: 151-157.
When Lydia was conquered by king Cyrus the Great (after 547), Phrygia became a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Together with Paphlagonia and Mysia, Phrygia was one tax district. (Herodotus, Histories, 3.90). The population retained some of its ancient characteristics. There was continuity in architecture, language (110 inscriptions), agriculture (animal husbandry), and especially religion.