Oroetes, the satrap of Sardis, decided he wanted to kill Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos, and he did. And then he had him impaled--not crucified, as he's depicted here. Impalement was an even nastier business than crucifixion, unless you were dead first. Polycrates was lucky in that respect, but there were plenty of people in Herodotus' History who weren't. Crucifixion of Polycrates. Francesco Fracanzano (attrib. to) | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.