Horst Wessel was a squad leader in the SA who was killed by communists in 1930. Goebbels turned him into the NSDAP hero martyr. A song Wessel had written was elevated into the co-national anthem known as the Horst Wessel-Lied.
Horst Wessel (October 9, 1907 – February 23, 1930) was a German Nazi activist and an SA-Sturmführer who was made a posthumous hero of the Nazi movement following his violent death in 1930. He was the author of the lyrics to the song "Die Fahne hoch" ("The Flag On High"), usually known as Horst-Wessel-Lied ("the Horst Wessel Song"), which became the Nazi Party anthem and, de facto, Germany's co-national anthem from 1933 to 1945.
Horst Wessel The Horst-Wessel-Lied was the anthem of the Nazi Party from 1930 to 1945. From 1933 to 1945 the Nazis made it a co-national anthem of Germany, along with the first stanza of the Deutschlandlied. The lyrics were written in 1929 by Horst Wessel, commander of the Storm Division (SA) in the Friedrichshain district of Berlin. Wessel was murdered by Albrecht Höhler, a Communist party member, in February 1930, and Joseph Goebbels made him a martyr of the Nazi movement.