The Human Genome Project. A gift to mankind from science. As of 2012, thousands of human genomes have been completely sequenced.There is a widely held expectation that genomic studies will lead to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and to new insights in many fields of biology, including human evolution.
"These kinds of studies are taking us to the doorstep of personal genomics," said Dr. David Wheeler, professor in the Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center and a corresponding author of the paper. who leads the cancer genomics studies in the Human Genome Sequencing Center at Baylor. "We are finding particular treatment targets in some of these patients – targets for which we already have drugs or for which we can develop them."
A team of scientists from the University of Maryland School of Medicine has found the strongest evidence yet that bacteria occasionally transfer their genes into human genomes, finding bacterial DNA sequences in about a third of healthy human genomes and in a far greater percentage of cancer cells.