Iberian Peninsula in 1157 AD The Reconquista had reached the Tejo river by the end of the 11th century but the Almoravid invasion prevented further expansion southwards. The only noteworthy military actions until mid 12th century happened in the Portuguese border where King D.Afonso Henriques managed to conquer the cities of Leiria, Santarém and Lisbon between 1135 and 1147: an exception in the otherwise stable borders between Christian and Muslim territories during the same period.
Portugal lies in SW Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It's the westernmost nation in mainland Europe. The Atlantic Ocean is on its west; Spain is on its E & N. Most people in Portugal are Roman Catholics (80%). Its language is Portuguese. Of course, foreign languages are also spoken by some of the population.