Charles Joseph Coward, known as the “Count of Auschwitz”, was a British soldier captured during World War II who rescued Jews from Auschwitz and smuggled himself into Auschwitz for one night, subsequently testifying about his experience at the Nuremberg Trials and the IG Farben Trial.
Auschwitz-Monowitz prisoners building a chemical plant for the German company, IG Farben. A majority, if not all, of the prisoners used to build the chemical plants for Farben lived in Monowitz, a satellite camp of Auschwitz. At the end of the war,...
"Dr. Carl Hermann, a Quaker, has been a prisoner of the Nazis since May 5, 1943. He is a German, but anti-Nazi. He and his wife gave shelter to a Jewish family and listened to foreign broadcasts. Dr. Hermann is a physicist by profession and worked in a [IG Farben] near Berlin before he was taken prisoner by the Gestapo and placed in Halle Jail." Karl was taken to his lab every day to continue his work and brought back to prison at night.
Birkenau: Picture taken after the liberation. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)~~Auschwitz was a vast labour and death camp where more human beings were put to death than were killed in the whole of World War I. It was comprised by 3 main camps: Auschwitz I (concentration camp), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (an extermination camp), Auschwitz III (supplied slave labour for the nearby IG Farben plant).
On this day in 1942, 4,300 Jews are deported from the Polish town of Chelm to the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor, where all are gassed to death. On the same day, the German firm IG Farben sets up a factory just outside Auschwitz, in order to take advantage of Jewish slave laborers from the Auschwitz concentration camps.
Charles Joseph Coward was a British solider who, as a POW, broke into Auschwitz, saved many Jews from death, sabatoged the Germans during work details, smuggled intelligence about the conditions at the concetration and pow camps. He, along with other British officers, used their Red Cross packages to smuggle food the the inmates of Auschwitz. In 1963 he was named as one fo the "Rightous amoung Nations." (Coward is pictured on the upper bunk.)