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A panorama of Buna-Werke factory which belonged to IG Farben. Picture taken in 1945. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)


The IG Farben rubber and synthetic oil plant at Buna, or Auschwitz III. By the end of the war 80,000 slave labourers were employed here.


On March 1, 1941 Reichsführer SS (SS Commander) Heinrich Himmler carried out his first inspection of Auschwitz. In the picture you can see Heinrich Himmler surrounded by SS men during his second visit to Auschwitz – in July 1942 – at the site of IG Farben industrial plant. Next to Himmler (left in the first row) you can see senior IG Farber engineer Maximilian Faust (in a hat) and Rudolf Hoess - the commandant of Auschwitz.


From 1925 to 1945 Fritz ter Meer was on the board of IG Farben AG. He was involved in the planning of Monowitz concentration camp, a satellite camp of KZ Auschwitz. Fritz ter Meer was sentenced to seven years in prison in the Nuremberg Trials in 1948. After he was released in 1951 he became supervisory board chairman (Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender) of Bayer AG.