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Former slave John Wesley Cromwell (1846-1927) was an educator, lawyer, Republican, and journalist. He acquired his law degree at Howard University and likely was the first black attorney to argue before the Interstate Commerce Commission. He also published and edited the People's Advocate, a weekly newspaper, organized the Republican Party, and helped found the American Negro Academy.


The Southern Pacific Company gained Interstate Commerce Commission approval to control the Cotton Belt system on April 14, 1932, but continued to operate it as a separate company until 1992

from Slate Magazine

Haunting Photos Show Aftermath of 19th-Century Train Wrecks

Haunting Photos Show Aftermath of 19th Century Train Wrecks: Not much information is known about any of the accidents, because records were informal until the Interstate Commerce Commission took over railroad safety in 1901.


#OTD November 25, 1955 Interstate Commerce Commission bans racial segregation on interstate buses and in waiting rooms but does not enforce ban until after Freedom Riders win support of the Kennedy Administration.

On November 25, 1955, the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) banned racial segregation on interstate buses, train lines, and in waiting rooms. The ICC ruled that “the disadvantages to a traveler who is assigned accommodations or facilities so designated as to imply his inferiority solely because of his race must be regarded under present conditions as unreasonable.”

November 1, 1961 The Interstate Commerce Commission's federal order banning segregation at all interstate public facilities officially comes into effect.