The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by the Germans and Italians during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The intention was a breakthrough to Rome. Over 4,100 men of the II Polish Corps lost their lives on Monte Cassino.
Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty. Troops in the Liri Valley, on the road to Rome, Italian Campaign, 1944. Read more: http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-in-color-the-italian-campaign-1944/#ixzz2ZeMpoMCt
World War II in Color: The Italian Campaign and the Road to Rome