The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by the Germans and Italians during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The intention was a breakthrough to Rome. Over 4,100 men of the II Polish Corps lost their lives on Monte Cassino.

The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by the Germans and Italians during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The intention was a breakthrough to Rome. Over 4,100 men of the II Polish Corps lost their lives on Monte Cassino.

French, 28th Dragoons, Dragoon. 23rd Dragoons, Officer & 29th Dragoons, Trumpeter, Italian Campaign 1805/06 by P.Courcelle

French, 28th Dragoons, Dragoon. 23rd Dragoons, Officer & 29th Dragoons, Trumpeter, Italian Campaign 1805/06 by P.Courcelle

Model of the Plymouth Bridge, a mobile "bailey-bridge" constructed during the Italian Campaign to cross the Gari River. © The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) Museum.

Model of the Plymouth Bridge, a mobile "bailey-bridge" constructed during the Italian Campaign to cross the Gari River. © The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) Museum.

Italian Campaign Canopy Bed #anthropologiehttp://www.anthropologie.com/anthro/product/home-furniture-bedroom/56501.jsp?cm_sp=Grid-_-56501-_-Regular_10#/

Campaign Canopy Bed

Italian Campaign Canopy Bed #anthropologiehttp://www.anthropologie.com/anthro/product/home-furniture-bedroom/56501.jsp?cm_sp=Grid-_-56501-_-Regular_10#/

Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty. Troops in the Liri Valley, on the road to Rome, Italian Campaign, 1944.   Read more: http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-in-color-the-italian-campaign-1944/#ixzz2ZeMpoMCt

Bobby Kennedy

Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty. Troops in the Liri Valley, on the road to Rome, Italian Campaign, 1944. Read more: http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-in-color-the-italian-campaign-1944/#ixzz2ZeMpoMCt

World War II in Color: The Italian Campaign and the Road to Rome | LIFE.com. Italians watch as the Americans drive on towards Rome.

World War II in Color: The Italian Campaign and the Road to Rome

World War II in Color: The Italian Campaign and the Road to Rome | LIFE.com. Italians watch as the Americans drive on towards Rome.

French; Chasseurs a Cheval, 19th Regt, Chasseur, 23rd Regiment, Elite Company, Chasseur, 25th regiment, Officer. Italian Campaign 1805-06 by P.Courcelle

French; Chasseurs a Cheval, 19th Regt, Chasseur, 23rd Regiment, Elite Company, Chasseur, 25th regiment, Officer. Italian Campaign 1805-06 by P.Courcelle

Proposed airborne landing sites of American paratroopers, in Sicily 1943.

Proposed airborne landing sites of American paratroopers, in Sicily 1943.

An American soldier sleeps on a pile of rocks during the drive towards Rome, 1944.  Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Bobby Kennedy

An American soldier sleeps on a pile of rocks during the drive towards Rome, 1944. Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

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